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Form and Substance in Mathematics and Science Professional Development


This Brief examines contentions about how teacher workshops should be organized "by reviewing studies of professional development that examine benefits to students. A major finding from this review is that program content - what is being taught, such as classroom management strategies or knowledge of how students learn specific school subject matter - is an important predictor of benefit to students. This finding should not be a surprise, but it is in light of the literature describing optimal professional developent, which does not address content as much as it addresses program form and structure."